Top Ten Holdings as of 12/31/18

Company Name Market Value Weight (%)
NEW JERSEY ST EDL FACS AUTH 5% $1,071,630 2.09
VALDOSTA & LOWNDES CNTY GA HOSP AUTH 5% $668,398 1.31
MASSACHUSETTS ST HEALTH & EDL FACS AUTH 5.5% $617,000 1.21
PENNSYLVANIA ST HIGHER EDL FACS AUTH 5% $576,040 1.13
SAN DIEGO CALIF UNI SCH DIST 5% $572,480 1.12
DELAWARE RIV JT TOLL BRDG COMMN PA 5% $571,675 1.12
METROPOLITAN TRANSN AUTH N Y 5% $554,095 1.08
CALIFORNIA ST PUB WKS BRD 5% $546,790 1.07
MASSACHUSETTS ST DEV FIN AGY 5.25% $535,020 1.05
CALIFORNIA ST 5.25% $526,605 1.03

Sector Distribution as of 12/31/18

Portfolio Statistics
3 Year Period, as of 12/31/18

Alpha -0.96
Average Effective Duration 5.61
Information Ratio -2.18
SEC Yield 2.00%
Sharpe Ratio 0.04

Portfolio Composition
as of 12/31/18

Bonds 98.83%
Cash 1.17%

Credit Quality (%)
as of 09/30/18

Aaa/AAA 11.12%
Aa1/AA+ 18.22%
Aa2/AA 22.26%
Aa3/AA- 17.65%
A1/A+ 15.66%
A2/A 8.99%
A3/A- 3.04%
Baa1 1.40%
Baa2 0.53%
NR 1.13%
Ratings are based on S&P and Moody’s ratings. For securities rated differently by the rating agencies, the higher rating will apply. Ratings are subject to change and apply to the credit worthiness of the issuers of the underlying securities and not to the fund or its shares. Ratings range from AAA to D, with AAA being the highest quality and D the lowest, according to S&P. Bonds rated BBB and above are considered Investment Grade while bonds rated BB and below are considered Speculative Grade.

Valuation
as of 12/31/18

TTM Yield 2.70%
Best 3 month period ended: 09/30/09
8.00%
Worst 3 month period ended: 02/29/08
-7.57%

Valuation (Quarterly)
as of 12/31/18

Turnover (as of 12/31/17) 10%

Fees & Expenses

Redemption Fee N/A
Expense Ratio Before Waivers 1.10%
Expense Ratio After Waivers* 0.85%
Minimum Initial Investment $1,000
Minimum Subsequent Investment No Minimum

* EULAV Securities LLC (the “Distributor”) has contractually agreed to waive the Fund’s 12b-1 fee in an amount equal to 0.25% of the Fund’s average daily net assets through June 30, 2019. The waiver cannot be modified or terminated before June 30, 2019 without the approval of the Fund’s Board of Directors. There is no assurance that the Distributor will extend the fee waiver beyond June 30, 2019. The Fund's performance would be lower in the absence of such waivers.

The performance data quoted herein represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Market volatility can dramatically impact the fund's short term performance. Current performance may be lower or higher than figures shown. The investment return and principal value will fluctuate so that an investor's shares, when redeemed may be worth more or less than their original cost. Past performance data through the most recent month end is available at vlfunds.com or by calling 1-800-243-2729.

You should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of Value Line Funds before investing. This and other information can be found in the fund's prospectus and summary prospectus, which can be obtained free of charge from your investment representative, by calling 800.243.2729, or by clicking on the applicable fund at www.vlfunds.com. Please read it carefully before you invest or send money. Value Line Funds are distributed by EULAV Securities LLC. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Portfolio holdings are subject to change and should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell securities. Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk.

The average annual returns shown above are historical and reflect changes in share price, reinvested dividends and are net of expenses. Investment results and the principal value of an investment will vary.

The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three- year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods. VLIFX (3 Year / 5 stars / 542 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 489 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 341 funds; ) VALLX (3 Year / 3 stars / 1247 funds; 5 Year / 4 stars / 1107 funds; 10 Year / 2 stars / 799 funds; ) VLEOX (3 Year / 3 stars / 583 funds; 5 Year / 4 stars / 516 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 391 funds; ) VALSX (3 Year / 5 stars / 542 funds; 5 Year / 4 stars / 489 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 341 funds; ) VLAAX (3 Year / 5 stars / 697 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 610 funds; 10 Year / 5 stars / 440 funds; ) VALIX (3 Year / 4 stars / 322 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 280 funds; 10 Year / 3 stars / 196 funds; ) VAGIX (3 Year / 2 stars / 876 funds; 5 Year / 2 stars / 767 funds; 10 Year / 5 stars / 560 funds; ) VLHYX (3 Year / 2 stars / 145 funds; 5 Year / 1 stars / 129 funds; 10 Year / 1 stars / 107 funds; )

Source: Morningstar Direct