Investment Objective and Strategy

The investment objective of the Fund is to maximize current income. Capital appreciation is a secondary objective but only when consistent with the Fund’s primary objective.

The Fund invests primarily in a diversified portfolio of primarily investment grade, fixed income obligations, including securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities (U.S. government securities), mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, corporate bonds, and other fixed income securities. Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its assets in fixed income securities. The Fund invests in debt securities of any maturity, and there is no limit on the Fund's maximum average portfolio maturity.

Average Annual Returns as of 06/30/20

YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr
transparent Value Line Core Bond Fund 4.40% 6.67% 4.19% 3.48% 4.20%
transparent BBgBarc US Agg Bond 6.14% 8.74% 5.32% 4.30% 3.82%
transparent Morningstar Intermediate Core Bond 5.56% 7.89% 4.84% 3.90% 3.66%
Morningstar Intermediate Core Bond Ranking - 342/420 306/379 249/330 43/248
Percentile Rank as of 06/30/20 - 82% 83% 78% 20%
VAGIX Gross / Net Expense Ratio*: 1.14% / 0.90%
Morningstar rates funds based on enhanced Morningstar risk-adjusted returns.
Effective Dec. 10, 2012 the Core Bond Fund changed its primary strategy of investing in high-yield bonds to investing in investment-grade bonds. All data above prior to 12/10/2012 reflects the old strategy.
VAGIX BCAGG MITBF
YTD 4.40% 6.14% 5.56%
1 Yr 6.67% 8.74% 7.89%
3 Yr 4.19% 5.32% 4.84%
5 Yr 3.48% 4.30% 3.90%
10 Yr 4.20% 3.82% 3.66%
VAGIX Gross / Net Expense Ratio*: 1.14% / 0.90%
Morningstar rates funds based on enhanced Morningstar risk-adjusted returns.
Effective Dec. 10, 2012 the Core Bond Fund changed its primary strategy of investing in high-yield bonds to investing in investment-grade bonds. All data above prior to 12/10/2012 reflects the old strategy.

Economic Review

The economic stability and moderate growth, that marked the beginning of 2020, was severely interrupted by the devastation wrought by the coronavirus. The S&P 500 Index reached a high point of 3,393 on February 19, 2020, and as the virus caused a lockdown in most parts of the U.S., plunged 1,202 points, to a low point of 2,192 on March 23. This represented a drop of 35% in only one month. Businesses and other workplaces were shutdown, unemployment leapt from 3.5% at the end of 2019 to 14.7% in April. Airplane travel and other transportation ways came to a halt. The health and economic crisis, caused by the coronavirus, was worldwide, as most other countries were hit by the virus, which originated in China, at the beginning of the 2020.

The lockdown was lengthy , lasting several months, and widespread, causing the U.S. economy, as well as the world economy, to go into a recession. U.S GDP, which registered 2.1% in the final quarter of 2019, dropped to negative growth of -5.0% in the first quarter of 2020. Other economic indicators dramatically fell. Because of the severe rise in unemployment, retail sales dropped precipitously. In January of 2020, retail sales came out at 0.8. For the period of February to May, where the lockdown was most pronounced, retail sales fell to a -5.6%, an average decline of -1.4, per month. U.S. job growth plummeted. For the first two months of 2020, job growth averaged 232,00. But in April alone, the economy lost over 20,000 jobs, and the unemployment rate reached a high of 14.7% . Manufacturing significantly weakened with the ISM Manufacturing Survey going from a peak reading of over 50 to a low of 41 in April. The service sector, the largest sector of the economy, took a hit. It fell to 41.8 in April, from 57.5, earlier in the year, before the virus halted the growth of the economy.

With the situation dire, worry over potential corporate bankruptcies and mortgage defaults, and fears of a depression taking hold, monetary and fiscal authorities sprang into action. The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank supported the financial markets by dropping short-term interest rates close to zero. U.S. treasury rates dropped as a result, with the 2-year treasury falling to 0.15% and the longer maturity 10-year declining to 0.65% at the end of the period. In addition, the Fed made money available in most markets, investment grade corporate bonds, mortgage-backed securities, agency mortgages, and even supported the riskier high yield sector, which was unprecedented. These markets had experienced tremendous losses, but the Fed’s actions stemmed the plunge. The federal government came with a massive rescue package, which included stimulus checks to many Americans, billions to small business, and increases in unemployment insurance. These monetary and fiscal measures stemmed a further decline, stabilizing economic conditions.

Morningstar as of 06/30/20

Category Intermediate Core Bond
3 Year of 379 Funds
5 Year of 330 Funds
10 Year of 248 Funds
Overall of 379 Funds

* EULAV Asset Management (the “Adviser”) and EULAV Securities LLC, the Fund’s principal underwriter (the “Distributor”) have agreed to waive a portion of their advisory and Rule 12b-1 fees and the Adviser has further agreed to reimburse certain expenses of the Fund to the extent necessary to limit the Fund’s total annual operating expenses (other than those attributable to interest, taxes, brokerage and futures commissions, and extraordinary expenses not incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business) to 0.90% of the Fund’s average daily net assets (the “Expense Limitation”) through June 30, 2020. The Adviser and the Distributor may subsequently recover from the Fund reimbursed expenses and/or waived fees (within 3 years after the fiscal year end in which the waiver/ reimbursement occurred) to the extent that the Fund’s expense ratio is less than the Expense Limitation or, if lower, the expense limitation in effect when the waiver/reimbursement occurred. The Expense Limitation can be terminated before June 30, 2020 only with the agreement of the Fund’s Board. Net Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement in the table above have been restated from 0.99% to 0.90% to reflect a change in the Expense Limitation effective May 1, 2019. The Fund's performance would be lower in the absence of such waivers.

The performance data quoted herein represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Market volatility can dramatically impact the fund's short term performance. Current performance may be lower or higher than figures shown. The investment return and principal value will fluctuate so that an investor's shares, when redeemed may be worth more or less than their original cost. Past performance data through the most recent month end is available at vlfunds.com or by calling 1-800-243-2729.

You should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of Value Line Funds before investing. This and other information can be found in the fund's prospectus and summary prospectus, which can be obtained free of charge from your investment representative, by calling 800.243.2729, or by clicking on the applicable fund at www.vlfunds.com. Please read it carefully before you invest or send money. Value Line Funds are distributed by EULAV Securities LLC. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Portfolio holdings are subject to change and should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell securities. Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk.

The average annual returns shown above are historical and reflect changes in share price, reinvested dividends and are net of expenses. Investment results and the principal value of an investment will vary.

The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three- year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods. VLIFX (3 Year / 4 stars / 558 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 500 funds; 10 Year / 5 stars / 381 funds; ) VALLX (3 Year / 3 stars / 1237 funds; 5 Year / 3 stars / 1084 funds; 10 Year / 3 stars / 809 funds; ) VLEOX (3 Year / 3 stars / 577 funds; 5 Year / 4 stars / 508 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 377 funds; ) VALSX (3 Year / 4 stars / 558 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 500 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 381 funds; ) VLAAX (3 Year / 5 stars / 636 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 558 funds; 10 Year / 5 stars / 412 funds; ) VALIX (3 Year / 5 stars / 309 funds; 5 Year / 5 stars / 278 funds; 10 Year / 5 stars / 194 funds; ) VAGIX (3 Year / 2 stars / 379 funds; 5 Year / 2 stars / 330 funds; 10 Year / 4 stars / 248 funds; ) VLHYX (3 Year / 2 stars / 147 funds; 5 Year / 2 stars / 139 funds; 10 Year / 1 stars / 105 funds; )

Source: Morningstar Direct